Immediately following the IPCC`s release of its special report of 1.5oC in October 2018, the governments of the United Kingdom, Scotland and Wales asked their official advisors, the CCC, to provide advice on the long-term greenhouse gas emission targets of the United Kingdom and Wales. Coal, gas and oil currently dominate the country`s energy mix and achieving zero net emissions by 2050 requires significant investments in renewable energy and a reduction in the size of their coal fleet. Notes: the UK has already passed a framework law on emissions reduction in 2008, so setting a net zero target is so simple to replace 80% by 100%. Parliament adopted the amendment on 27 June 2019. It is more difficult to achieve this goal, and the Independent Committee on Climate Change (CCC) has stressed that more strategies are needed in all sectors to give it life. In the face of this urgency, an unprecedented number of economic and local government leaders are supporting strong national climate ambitions through the UN Climate Plateau Champions` “Race to Zero” campaign. The global initiative sets minimum criteria for setting zero net targets and calls on regions, cities, businesses, investors and civil society to commit to zero net emissions by 2050 and to present a plan before the next UN climate change summit in 2021. This is done on the heels of the UN Secretary-General, who is calling on countries to present zero net targets. In addition, more and more countries have joined the Alliance for Climate Ambition in order to achieve net zero emissions.
“If we want to protect our economy and our people from the very worrying effects of climate change, the best advice is that global net emissions are needed around 2050. It`s a big challenge to get there, but the benefits of doing it right are even greater. Australia`s long-term strategy should target not only net zero by 2050, but also global competitive advantage in a net zero world. “Together with the EU and the UK, they have explicit targets to achieve net zero-yield gas emissions by 2050, and they have a political architecture close to it. They also have comprehensive regulations. Australia has absolutely nothing to do with it. In many sectors, there are technologies that can reduce emissions to zero. For electricity generation, this can be done with renewable energy and nuclear energy. A transmission system that operates on electricity or hydrogen, well-insulated homes and industrial processes based on electricity, not gas, can help bring sector emissions down to absolute zero. Despite the delay, some major objectives have been announced. In particular, more countries are committed to achieving net zero carbon emissions by the middle of the century. The United States is expected to continue to participate in the agreement next year under the presidency of candidate Joe Biden. The government has committed to binding decarbonisation targets and reaffirmed its ambition to reduce emissions from 40% below 1990 levels to 70% by 2030. President Xi Jinping said his country would try to reach its emissions “before 2030” and put in place a “stronger policy” to advance its national contributions (NDC) under the Paris Agreement.
Comments: South Korean President Moon Jae-in officially committed in October 2020 to a net zero target for 2050 and turned an election promise into a political promise. After his Democratic Party won a landslide victory in April 2020, Moon said he promises his manifesto to decarbonize the economy by 2050 and end coal financing. This is a great thing for the highest national CO2 emitter. South Korea derives more than 40% of its electricity from coal and has been a major donor to coal projects abroad. Comments: In a coalition agreement reached in June 2020, three political parties agreed to set a net zero emission target for 2050, with a